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蓄能器的用途

蓄能器用途

  蓄能器的作用主要有以下几种:

  

一、储存能量/Energy Storage

蓄能器广泛应用在辅助能源。一方面储存由泵间歇输出的液压油,一方面对间歇负荷释放大于泵流量的流体。因此,有了蓄能器使泵等能实现装置小型化及节省能源。

Accumulator is widely used in the auxiliary energy.It accumulates the oil intermittently outputted by pump while releases fluid more than the pump flux.Therefore,the accumulator helps the pump to be size-miniaturization and energy-saving。

二、吸收(消除)脉动/Pulsation Absorption(Elimination)

蓄能器能吸收由各种泵排出的压力流体产生的脉动,使液压管路不受到压力、噪音、振动等影响。

Accumulator absorbs pulsation created by pressure fluid that is released by various pump to protect the pipe from the infection of pressure,noise and vibration。

三、吸收(缓和)冲击/Impact Absorption(Decrease)

在液压回路中,由于急速开关或使负荷突然变化,从而在管路中发生冲击压力,成为噪音、管路破损等原因,设置蓄能器能吸收(缓和)冲击。

In hydraulic circuit,impact in the pipe caused by rapid switching or sudden changing of load brings noise and pipe damage.Accumulator is set to absorb(decrease)the impact。

四、补偿泄漏/Leakage Compensation

在压力控制回路和保持压力的工况中,为补偿内部泄漏、外部泄漏而引起压力降低。为保持恒定压力而使用蓄能器。

In pressure control circuit and condition of pressure maintaining,accumulator is set to maintain the pressure by compensating the pressure reduction caused by internal and external leakage。

五、补偿容积/Volume Compensation

在闭式回路中,由于温度变化而使液体的体积变化,内部压力上升、降低,安装蓄能器,可使压力的变动减少。

从而保护阀门、垫片、压力表等不出故障。

In closed circuit,internal pressure changes because variety in temperature results in variety of liquid volume。

The accumulator reduces the change of pressure to protect valves.gaskets and pressure gauge from failure。

六、吸收振动/Vibration Absorption

液压系统的机械振动被蓄能器吸收,蓄能器内的气体起到弹簧作用,可衰减汽车等车辆的冲击与振动。

The accumulator absorbs the mechanical vibration for the gas in the accumulator works as spring to reduce the impact and vibration of vehicle。

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七、平衡作用/Balance

蓄能器可以用作平衡器,用蓄能器的气体压力平稳地平衡产品、机械的重量和冲击。

The accumulator can be used as balance for the gas pressure in accumulator stably balances the weight of product and machine and impact。

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八、流体分隔器/Fluid separation

蓄能器一般分隔两种介质(液压用途时为:氮气和油)。然而,当不得不在两种不相溶的液体之间进行压力输送时,也可以使用蓄能器。

The accumulator generally separated the two medium(hydraulic purpose: nitrogen and oil). However, the accumulator canbe also used to transmit pressure between two liquid which can be mixed.

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